With the temperature decreases in cold weather, it also tends to decrease the humidity in the air and atmosphere becomes drier also. Winter season is rough season naturally, and effects the skin to a great extend. Winter results in skin problems like redness, breakouts, acne, skin irritation, itchiness, roughness and other skin ailments. The reason why winter season damages skin more ,because with more dryer conditions the skin produce more sebum(oils) specially on face’s T zone like your forehead, chin and nose , that contains more sebum producing glands than any other part of the body. Although sebum helps the skin to be moisturized and supple, excessive sebum may results in clogged pores and bacteria accumulation which may lead to acne, blemishes etc.
Effects of Cold Weather on Skin
1. Dry skin - Dry skin is the most common skin care problem in winters, it can be in the form of cracked, flaky skin or dry patches. Because of the dryness of the weather and less humidity in air, the water in your skin evaporates more quickly; it can result in dry and tight skin. Skin actually loses some part of its ability to hold the moisture in winter.
The best ways to prevent the skin from drying out is to keep it moisturized, applying a thick layer of cream or oil based moisturization all over your body for holding the moisture of your skin. Prevention of dry skin can also be done by skipping the long hot showers as it can make your skin dry, try to take a shower of 10 minutes with warm not hot water in winters. Indoor heating can also makes your skin dry, try to set the setting of the heater on lowest or use humidifier for adding the moisture in the air inside.
2. Acne, blemishes - Acne and blemishes also tend to occur in winters, as because of the dryness of the weather, skin produce more oil specially in face’s T zone –your forehead ,nose and chin, because most of the oil glands are there than any other part of the body. The excessive sebum can produce more oil, which can result in acne, blemishes and other skin ailments. The cold and dry exposure of the winter on skin, can cause inflammation that leads to acne occurrence.
Moisturizes are really beneficial for locking the moisture, so that skin don’t overreact to the winter dryness, which ultimately leads to prevent the skin from the occurrence of acne. Gentle cleansers can also be really beneficial for removing the bacteria from the clogged pores, and results in acne free skin. Also exfoliators should not be used frequently in winters, as it can make the skin dry, by extracting the adequate moisture from the skin.
3. Itchy and dry nose - Cold and dry weather makes our nose dry. A dry nose can be really itchy or uncomfortable, it also urge to constantly scratch the nose, which make it more worse. For preventing the nose from dryness, keep the nose moisturized by using nasal spray or a water based moisturizers for the nose, when your nose feel dry.
4. Redness and irritation - Exposure of skin to too much cold, results in skin’s ability to loose the moisture and oil, which can ultimately cause skin redness and irritation .It can be prevented by applying moisturizer all over the body and also locking the natural hydration by applying coconut oil or almond oil.
Tips for healthy skin in winter -
1. Gentle Cleanser and Moisturizer - Avoid using soaps in winters, instead of soaps use gentle cleansers to remove the dirt and bacteria from the skin. After that apply a thick layer of moisturizer on your skin, that will surely help your skin to absorb the water and maintain the hydration.
2. Decrease Shower Time and Temperature - It may feel great to take a long hot shower in winter, however it can result in dry skin. Instead of long hot showers, try a 10 minute shower with warm water, not hot. As hot steamy water can extract the moisture from the skin and make it dry.
3. Wear Comfortable Clothing against your skin - Cold weather fabrics are must for winters, however these clothes when directly touch against your skin can cause irritation and itchiness on skin. Wearing soft cotton light wears against the skin works as a protective barrier and above them you can wear heavy wool clothing and sweaters.
4. Humidifier - Heaters and other heating equipment are used to warm the temperature of indoors; however these equipment's can extract the adequate moisture from the air indoors, which can result in dry skin. Installing a humidifier will help in adding the adequate moisture in the air indoors, place it where your spend most of your time.