Skin can be of certain types like oily skin, dry skin, sensitive skin and combination skin. It’s on you to determine what your skin type is, as your skin cannot speak and tell you about this.
A combination skin, as the name suggest is a combination of both oily and dry skin. Combination skin is regarded as a common skin type where the T zone area of face (nose, forehead, chin) are oily, but the skin is dry on other parts of the skin like cheeks and jaw line. The reason why the T zone (nose, forehead and chin) is oily and shiny because of the excessive production of sebum (oil) in that area, it results in clogged pores and pimples also. On the other parts of the skin on face like cheeks and jaw shows dry patches because of lack of sebum and lipids in that area. It will result in dry or flaky skin.
For figuring out your skin type, you can do it by gently dabbing your skin with a blotting paper against the surface of the skin; if the T zone shows more oil absorption than cheeks then it is a sign of combination skin
Finding a perfect skin care routine for a combination skin can be a complicated task, as it needs a controlling mechanism for controlling the excessive sebum on T zone (nose, forehead, and chin) without drying out other areas of skin.
Skin care routine for treating combination skin
1. Gentle Cleansing - A cleansing face wash is necessary for any skin care regime for any skin. During the night your face produces impurities, sweat, dirt and oil. Use a gentle cream based cleanser to remove the impurities and excessive oil, as it works very well for both oily and dry part of the skin. It helps to hydrate and calms the dry part of the skin as well as controlling the excessive oil production for preventing breakouts, acne, pimples and other skin ailments. Use Kassaya Tea Tree Face Wash for cleansing your skin day and night, as it works exceptionally well for combination skin as soaps can be too harsh for any skin type. A gentle and mild face wash cleanser will surely help your skin fight against the excessive oil production and impurities without drying out other areas of skin, making your face ready for the following skin care routine.
2. Exfoliation - Choosing an exfoliator for a combination skin can be tricky part as rough exfoliation can make the dry patches of the skin drier. A Gentle cleanser will help to unclog the pores and remove the dead skin cells. A gentle and glycolic based exfoliator will also aids to increase the new and fresh cell generation. Use exfoliator for 1-2 times a week for best results and resurfacing your dull skin and helping absorbing other products on the skin.
3. Moisturizer - Choosing a moisturizer for a combination skin can also be a tricky decision to make. A too heavy layer of moisturizer can make your skin look more greasy and oily on T point (nose, forehead, chin) that can clog the pores and make the skin prone to more skin ailments. A lightweight water based moisturizer will surely give the dry patches of skin adequate hydration, which is needed without greasing and oiling the skin too much. A lightweight and non greasy moisturizer can be used in the day for providing nourishment and hydration to the skin with clogging the pores. At night you can use a thicker moisturizer with antioxidant properties for the hydration that is needed for night.
4. Sunscreen - Sunscreen is beneficial and necessary for any skin category. A light weight sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher will be perfect for your combination skin to protect the skin from UVA and UVB rays emitted by sun and also prevent the skin from anti-aging. Using sunscreen constantly will make your skin age gracefully and make it glowing.
5. Skin Boosters - Skin boosters are really essential in protecting and improving the skin’s natural barrier, which helps to protect the skin from environmental pollutants and toxins.
Skin serums and essences works as booster and provide adequate hydration that is needed for the skin. Retinol serum doesn’t make the combination skin too oily or dry. Essences also works to make the skin hydrated and moisturized.